A bank statement, also known as a bank book or account statement, is a document issued by a bank to its customer that provides a summary of all the financial transactions related to a specific bank account during a particular period. It is a detailed record of the account holder's financial activities and includes information such as deposits, withdrawals, transfers, interest earned, and fees charged.
Bank statements are typically provided to customers on a regular basis, such as monthly or quarterly, depending on the bank's policies. They can be accessed through physical paper statements or electronic statements provided through online banking platforms. The bank statement serves as an essential tool for individuals and businesses to keep track of their finances, reconcile their accounts, and monitor their spending and income patterns.
When reviewing a bank statement, it is crucial to check for accuracy and reconcile it with personal records to ensure there are no discrepancies or unauthorized transactions. Additionally, bank statements may be requested as proof of income or financial history when applying for loans, mortgages, or other financial services.